What is CBD?

Widely recognised for its alleged health benefits, particularly around recovery, natural calm and sleep, there has been an explosion of products containing CBD in the last few years. But what is CBD and how does it work?

CBD or Cannabidiol (pronounced can-na-bid-i-ol) is an ingredient that occurs naturally in cannabis plants. The CBD is primarily made from the leaves and flowers of the hemp plant, a close relative of the marijuana plant. CBD is the second most prevalent active ingredient in cannabis and is an essential component in medical marijuana.

There is strong scientific evidence of CBD’s efficacy in treating childhood conditions such as epilepsy, where the child has not previously responded to other treatment. In fact, the first cannabis-derived medicine, Epidiolex, which contains CBD was introduced in 2018. However, CBD is most commonly used for adult conditions such as anxiety, insomnia, stress and depression, as well as treating chronic pain. A 2015 study from the European Journal of Pain showed that CBD could help lower pain and inflammation due to arthritis, and more studies are likely to investigate the effectiveness of CBD in the future.

what is cbd

CBD oil should contain little or no THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), the psychoactive ingredient in cannabis that gets you high. There is also no evidence to date of dependency or fatal overdoses of the substance. However, like any vitamin or dietary supplement, the dose and efficacy of CBD will vary from person to person. In addition, if you have an underlying condition or take other medication, it is always best to seek your GP’s advice first.

“In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential…. To date, there is no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.”

World Health Organisation (WHO)

what is hemp oil

There is currently no regulation of the CBD market, so be wary of disreputable retailers who make spurious claims and list incorrect ingredients on the label. All Hempelicious products are full spectrum, fully certified, 100% organic and non-GMO. We don’t test on animals. Be wary of oils that either disguise the actual CBD content or whose extracts from dubious, or non-approved sources.

How does CBD work?

The human body is naturally teeming with cannabinoid receptors, which means it’s already primed for CBD. The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is responsible for relaying messages concerning functions such as pain, inflammation, memory, appetite, mood – and even reproduction. The ECS was discovered in the 1990s and is thought to be one of the most important systems for ensuring good health and wellbeing.

The human body has two receptors for cannabinoids: CB1 receptors and CB2 receptors. CB1 receptors are present throughout the body but are particularly prevalent in the brain. CB2 receptors are most common in the immune system and can affect inflammation and pain. CBD works by enhancing the endocannabinoid system, encouraging the body to make better use of its own cannabinoids.

endocannabinoid system ecs

 

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